Homewood Children's Village

Asthma in Homewood

Asthma in Homewood

  • Approximately 7 million children in the US have asthma (EPA, 2012).
  • Children of color and children in poverty are disproportionately affected by asthma (Akinbami et al., 2012).

Data from: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, http://www.cdc.gov/asthma/nhis/default.htm

The cause of asthma is poorly understood, but there are several common “triggers” of asthma attacks (www.cdc.gov):

  • Outdoor Air Pollution
  • Tobacco smoke (including secondhand smoke)
  • Dust mites
  • Cockroaches
  • Pets
  • Mold and Mildew
  • Strenuous physical activity
  • Extreme weather conditions such as high humidity and cold
  • Strong emotions
  • Viruses, certain drugs, some foods and food additives

Why Should We Consider Asthma In Homewood?

Pittsburgh air quality among the lowest in country; Allegheny County, in particular, received an F-rating. (ALA, 2014)

10.5 million missed school days related to asthma (ACAAI, 2012).

Burden of asthma much greater among Black children, the majority of students in Homewood

  • Twice as likely to be hospitalized
  • More than twice as likely to have an emergency department visit
  • 4 times as likely to die due to asthma compared to white children
  • Less likely to be prescribed or take recommended treatments or attend outpatient appointments (Crocker, Brown, Moolenaar, et al., 2009)

Children with asthma are more likely to suffer academically, be overweight/obese, and be limited in their ability to fully engage in school (American Thoracic Society, 2013).

To tackle academic outcomes, we need to consider asthma-related absences

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